As you know, in a year, we have many different big and small holidays and they all have certain meanings.
But for the people of Vietnam in particular, or for the people of countries using the lunar calendar in general, one thing cannot be denied, that is: Lunar New Year is the holiday most people care about and it is also the most popular holiday. makes the most sense.
In this article, I will learn about Origin of Lunar New Year and The meaning of Lunar New Year, a holiday that many people look forward to….
#first. What is Lunar New Year??
Tet Nguyen Dan (also known as Lunar New Year) is called by Vietnamese people with many other names such as Tet, Tet Ta, and Traditional New Year. This is the first holiday of the year taking place on the first days of the new year according to the lunar calendar (Lunar Calendar).
In other words, Tet is a traditional festival of our Vietnamese people. This is an occasion to celebrate the transition between the old year and the new year according to the lunar calendar, the Lunar New Year always takes place after the Western New Year (ie after January 1 of the solar calendar).
A little bit about the Lunar Calendar, this is a type of calendar based on the cycle of the position of the Earth and the Moon to calculate the day.
Among the types of lunar calendars, only the Islamic calendar uses the purely lunar calendar, while other calendars (including the type of lunar calendar that our country is using) are collectively referred to as the Yin-Yang Calendar. The type of lunar calendar that we are using in Vietnam is called Nong calendar.
Currently, there are still a few countries (most of them in Asia) that still use the lunar calendar such as Vietnam, China, Korea, Mongolia, etc.
Japan used to use the lunar calendar in the past, but over time and the changes of the times, today Japan no longer uses this calendar, they have completely replaced it with the solar calendar like Western countries. .
#2. The origin of the Lunar New Year is from China?
Up to the time of writing this article, the origin of the Lunar New Year is still a mystery and there are many theories.
There are some opinions that the Lunar New Year comes from the Chinese people, or in other words this is the Chinese New Year. But many people think that these are wrong and very subjective opinions.
Although there is no specific record of the exact origin of the Lunar New Year, but based on events, or stories passed down from the past, we can also confirm that the Lunar New Year is in Vietnam. not “borrowed” from China.
One of the reasons why people think that the Lunar New Year is Chinese comes from 1000 years of Northern domination, many people think that in 1000 years of Chinese domination, our people have assimilated culturally. , including New Year’s Day.
However, if you think about it carefully, this doesn’t make any sense, because from a few thousand years ago, under the Hung Kings, banh chung – banh day appeared and were considered typical for Tet. Tradition of our Vietnamese people.
In addition, Confucius – a famous Chinese philosopher, educator and politician also once wrote in his book “I don’t know what Tet is”, and asked if Tet could have originated in China itself. or not?
In addition, in Giao Chi Chi recorded by Confucius, he also wrote about a festival of the Nam Man people (referring to our people under Van Lang) when both people and Quan Lang also participated in festivals. celebrate a new crop.
Of course, the holiday mentioned here is the Lunar New Year of our people. This shows that Tet has existed in our country since before the Northern invaders and it is the Northern people who have to learn and “borrow” our Tet.
#3. New Year’s customs
Although in each country, New Year’s Day will be a little different: from the name, the time, or the activities that take place … but in general, there are still similarities.
Like other holidays, when entering the Lunar New Year, all countries will give workers, students, and students a relatively long rest time (except for a very few specific jobs).
During this special holiday, people will spend a lot of time shopping, cleaning and redecorating their homes to welcome the coming new year.
Tet fairs are opened to serve the shopping needs of people, in addition, there are festivals held and attract the attention of many people.
On these days, people in many countries will often wear traditional costumes and eat traditional (can be said to be typical) food during Tet.
Most people will return to their families and give each other best wishes, as well as wish for a favorable new year, with lots of luck.
For Vietnamese people, Tet is often important in the first 3 days of the new year, when many important activities are focused. The typical trees for Tet such as peach, apricot, quart, .. are chosen by most families to decorate their house.
When Tet comes, people will tend to clean their house to welcome the spring, buy new things and especially give lucky money to young children and the elderly! When giving lucky money, there will be meaningful wishes to each other for the new year to be smooth, peaceful, and full of joy.
Activities such as wrapping banh chung, cleaning the house, going to pagodas, etc. are traditional activities that take place regularly on the occasion of the Lunar New Year. It can be said that this is an interesting custom and should be maintained in Vietnam.
#4. The meaning of Tet holiday
The Lunar New Year can be said to be a very meaningful and important occasion for everyone, every home in all parts of the country.
Not only is it simply a holiday for people to have a long rest, but the Lunar New Year also has a huge and meaningful role for people in these countries to celebrate this New Year.
When the Spring Festival comes, it means that the family will have the opportunity to gather together after a year of tiring and stressful work… This is also an opportunity for everyone to rest and enjoy after a series of trying days during a year. past year!
This is an opportunity for everyone to gather together after a year of hard work, a reunion moment to share with loved ones about the past year. For many people, this is the most precious time of a year to be with family.
The Lunar New Year is also like a good traditional culture of the nation, thanks to this festival, many unique cultural features of the ethnic groups are preserved and promoted to this day.
This is also a holiday that attracts a lot of foreign tourists, because for visitors from countries that do not use the lunar calendar, this will be a very new and very attractive experience.
In addition to the above meanings, in the culture of a country where agriculture still accounts for a large proportion like in Vietnam, Tet is also a time when heaven and earth intersect, an opportunity for people to remember and worship the ancestors. god, to pray for a year of favorable rain and wind.
This is also an opportunity for children and grandchildren to pay their respects to their ancestors, in line with the nation’s tradition of drinking water to remember its source.
Tet for Vietnamese people is like a second “birthday”, when people think that celebrating Tet also means that each person will have a new age.
Adults will have the custom of celebrating the age of children and old people to wish them good health and quick growth. The grandparents will be healthy and live a long life with their children and grandchildren.
The year 2019 -2021 is the years of Covid-19 pandemic. The devastation of the epidemic has caused the whole world to fall into difficulties, economically exhausted as well as more and more tired social health problems.
In the early years of the epidemic, a happy New Year seemed too luxurious for many people. Although we don’t want to, we are still forced to have a “long Tet holiday” during the year!
But with the current situation, this time is near Tet. Everything seems to be getting back on track. The family has prepared to welcome the children away from home to reunite in the new year.
Joy, joy and joy were evident on everyone’s faces. Anyway, the old year is coming to an end, we welcome a new year with the hope of peace and more favorable things.
#5. What to do to prepare for Tet?
Our country has three regions North – Central – South, the preparation customs in each place will also be a little different.
– In the North, people are quite focused and elaborate on the dishes, each person believes that when the tray is full, the whole new year will be full. Some common dishes on Tet holiday such as: Chung cake, fried spring rolls, jams made from crocodiles, nuggets, pickled onions, spring rolls…
And of course, there must be Tet fruit as well. Especially the trees that play Tet with many different types, the most prominent of which are the peach branches that celebrate Tet!
– In the Central region, it will be more spicy than in the South, but in terms of sweetness, the South is the highest among the three regions. The dishes commonly seen on Tet holiday are: Braised meat with eggs, pickles, melons, Tet cakes, jams, fruits, workshops, cold meats…
Flowers for Tet in the Central region and in the South are usually apricot flowers instead of peaches in the North. There are also marigolds, daisies and other flowers, as long as they are brightly colored. In recent years, orchids are also a favorite plant for Tet!
Above are the special features of the Lunar New Year that I want to share with you. Through this article, you also know the origin of the Lunar New Year, the meaning of the Lunar New Year as well as the customs in the days of the Lunar New Year.
Hope this article will be useful to you, wish you a happy Tet with your family and loved ones ^^ !
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Edit by Kien Nguyen
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