In the world, there are many different large and small islands and each has its own characteristics in terms of climate, culture and customs in which people live. So what are the biggest islands in the world, invite you to join ThuThuatPhanMem.vn Follow the post Top 20 islands with the largest area in the world 2021.
20. Sri Lanka (65,268 km2)
Sri Lanka is a peaceful island nation in the Indian Ocean, made up of a main island and offshore satellite islands.
This tropical tea-making island is loved for so many things. The island’s vast size benefits everything from great beaches to tea plantations. Outside of the annual monsoon season, Sri Lanka is ideal for outdoor travelers, with opportunities for hiking, climbing and surfing.
19. Banks Island (70,028 km .)2)
Located to the northwest of Victoria Island, it is separated from the mainland by Amundsen Bay. About 250 miles long, Banks Island has a unique and interesting ecosystem, and is an island without any trees.
18. Sakhalin (72,493 km .)2)
Sakhalin Island is the largest island in Russia. It stretches for more than 600 miles over a long and narrow strip that appears to be in the shape of a standing woman.
Sakhalin Island is one-fifth the size of Japan. However, in the 1870s, Japan ceded control of the island to Russia in exchange for the Kuril Islands to the south.
17. Hispaniola (73,929 km .)2)
One of the first European colonies of the New World landed on the island of Hispaniola in the 1400s. It is also one of the most populous islands in the Americas and in the world.
Forming part of the Greater Antilles archipelago in the turquoise waters of the Caribbean, of which the second largest island (after Cuba), Hispaniola is an island that goes by many names: Hispaniola is the name of the Spanish colony, Saint Domingue is a colony of France. Interestingly, Hispaniola is also divided by two different countries: most of the island is owned by the Dominican Republic and the rest is owned by Haiti.
16. Hokkaido (78,719 km .)2)
Due to the island’s climate, it’s a lot cooler than the mainland at the height of summer, and the six national parks and diverse wildlife make for an enjoyable trip out of the country. Bustling city to come enjoy this place. Sapporo, Hokkaido’s largest city, is also famous for the famous Japanese beer produced here.
15. Ireland (84,421 km .)2)
Ireland is the third largest island in Europe. Made up of about 80 different islands. Ireland itself is politically divided into the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. The second island occupies only one-sixth of the entire island’s land area and is part of Great Britain. Excluding these political differences, geographically the island is more than 300 miles long.
14. Mindanao (97,530 km2)
Mindanao – also known as South Philippines – is the second largest island in the Philippines (after Luzon). Made up of a main island of the same name and a collection of surrounding islands, Mindanao is home to over 20 million people.
It is fondly known as the ‘Promised Land of the Philippines’ due to the rich biodiversity found as a result of its beautiful mountains, rivers, waterfalls, lakes and plains. It is also home to many active volcanoes and is a popular adventure destination for hiking and bird watching.
13. Iceland (101,826 km .)2)
Iceland is the second largest island in Europe after Great Britain. But this popular tourist destination probably needs no introduction. With more than 3,000 miles of mountainous and majestic coastline, Iceland is only slightly smaller than the state of Kentucky.
Despite its enormous size, Iceland is one of the most sparsely populated islands in the world. With a population of 360,000, there are only ten people per square mile. Contrary to popular belief, only 10% of Iceland is actually covered in icy glaciers; the rest is made up of lava fields, national parks and dazzling hot springs.
12. Cuba (105,806 km2)
Cuba is home to a collection of islands in the northern Caribbean Sea, where the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean meet. With a length of more than 780 miles, the main island of Cuba has a good combination of Spanish colonial architecture, beautiful beaches. besides that the tobacco fields are used to create the famous Cuban cigars for the country.
11. Newfoundland (108,860 km .)2)
Located off the east coast of Canada, Newfoundland is the fourth largest island in Canada. As Canada’s easternmost province, it is also Canada’s largest island outside of the North and a popular spot for viewing the Northern Lights.
The Belle Isle Strait divides the island province into two – Newfoundland and Labrador, the latter forming mainland Canada. Newfoundland got its name after King Henry VII of England called the island “Newfound Land”, after John Cabot discovered it in the 1490s.
10. Luzon (109,965 km .)2)
As the economic and political center, Luzon is the most populous island in the Philippines and one of the most densely populated islands in the world, home to more than half of the Philippine population. The capital Manila, as well as Quezon City, can be found on the island of Luzon.
Located at the northernmost point of the Philippine archipelago at the border of the South China Sea, Philippine Sea and Luzon Strait, Luzon is known for its beautiful beaches, rolling mountains, dramatic volcanoes and rice paddies. wonderful.
9. North Island (111,583 km .)2)
New Zealand’s splendid North Island also known as Te Ika-a-Maui is separated from its larger south by Cook Strait and is a kaleidoscope of geothermal wonders, multicolored beaches and parks. nation.
Spanning 1,000 miles at its longest point and 280 miles at its widest, the North Island makes for a number of exciting discoveries. Both the capital cities of Wellington and Auckland, known as the City of Sails, can be found on New Zealand’s beautiful North Island.
8. Java (138,794 km .)2)
As part of Indonesia, Java is a large volcanic island. Although it is only the fourth largest island in Indonesia, it is home to more than half of the country’s population and is the most populous island in the world.
There are many reasons to visit Java, and it has become popular on the tourist radar in recent years. The island offers everything, with stunning terrain ranging from active volcanoes to tea plantations. It is also home to the famous Borobudur Temple and Ujung Kulon National Park.
7. South Island (145,836 km .)2)
New Zealand’s South Island – also known as Te Wahipounamu is the largest of the country’s two main islands. Bisected by the Southern Alps, with Mount Cook forming the highest point, it is also the ninth highest island in the world.
There is so much to see on the South Island. Spanning more than 500 miles, it is home to the wineries, national parks and fjords of the incredible Milford Sound. The beauty of the South Island lies in its slow pace of life and idyllic nature.
6. Sulawesi (180,681 km .)2)
Sulawesi, once known as Celebes, is part of Indonesia. This irregularly shaped island is home to no less than four distinctive peninsulas.
Located between mainland Australia and Asia, Sulawesi lies across many seas, including the Celebes Sea, the Banda Sea, the Java Sea, the Flores Sea and the Molucca Sea. It’s no surprise that this is a popular diving spot with plenty of underwater coral reefs to explore.
5. Ellesmere Island (196,236 km .)2)
Ellesmere Island is the third largest island in Canada. It is the largest of the Queen Elizabeth Islands in the province of Nunavut and is characterized by undulating mountains and spectacular ice sheets.
Located between Baffin Bay and the Arctic Ocean, Canada’s Ellesmere Island is steeped in history, preserving geographical elements dating back to the last Ice Age. These include a series of sedimentary rocks and the Ward Hunt Ice Shelf dating back thousands of years.
4. Great Britain (209,331 km .)2)
The largest of the British Isles, Great Britain is an island located in the North Atlantic Ocean and is separated from mainland Europe by the English Channel and the North Sea. It is the largest island in Europe, although it has been well-publicized and widely publicized out of the European Union.
Combining the countries of England, Scotland and Wales, Great Britain is also part of Great Britain. People have lived in Great Britain for more than 500,000 years and London, its largest city, continues to attract tourists from all over the world in search of their shared history and culture.
3. Victoria Island (217,291 km .)2)
At more than 320 miles in length, Victoria Island is the second largest island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Discovered by Arctic explorer Thomas Simpson in the early 1830s.
Despite the centuries, the island is still sparsely populated, with just over 2,000 people living. The most famous sight on the island is the Tunnunik impact crater, caused by the impact of a meteorite that landed here about 350 million years ago.
2. Honshu (225,800 km .)2)
Honshu is the largest of the four major islands of Japan. Although located between the Sea of Japan and the Pacific Ocean, it is actually considered part of mainland Japan. At over 800 miles long, it’s more than half the area of Japan!
The island of Honshu is home to some of Japan’s most iconic cities, such as Tokyo, Hiroshima, and Osaka. It is also home to Mount Fuji, the tallest mountain in Japan, and Lake Biwa, the country’s largest lake.
1. Sumatra (443,065 km .)2)
Sumatra is the sixth largest island in the world and the second largest island in Indonesia. Located on the subduction zone of the Indo-Australian and Eurasian tectonic plates, it frequently occurs earthquakes and tsunamis.
Surrounded by beautiful rainforest, much of the island’s appeal is its relatively untouched nature and wildlife. Some species in need of protection include the Sumatran tiger, Sumatran orangutan and Sumatran rhinoceros.
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