Bashkirova joined the Russian army under the guise of a man. She was successful and did not reveal her identity, but she still managed to return to the battlefield.
When the First World War broke out, Kira Bashkirova, born on March 13, 1898, was a 16-year-old girl who lived in Vilnius, now the capital of Lithuania. Bashkirova studied at a local women’s college, but decided to drop out after learning that she would never be allowed to go to the front.
After Bashkirova sold part of her personal property, she had enough money to buy military uniforms. She cut her hair, took the student ID of her cousin Nikolai Popov, and set off for the city of Lodz, where the 88th Petrovsky Infantry Regiment was located. Russia A quarter. Bashkirova applied to join the army and was accepted as a volunteer by the regiment.
In the name of Nikolai, Bashkirova fought bravely and often participated in reconnaissance missions. In a night battle, when her comrades were injured and unable to support, Bashkirova was still able to control and capture an enemy soldier alive. Bashkirova was awarded the fourth-class St. George’s Cross for this feat.
For a long time, Bashkirova tried to hide her identity by taking a bath alone and learning to speak in a male voice. In a letter to her family, Bashkirova revealed everything to her relatives, and they had to accept her choice.
However, when Bashkirova was admitted to the hospital because of a serious illness, everything was broken. The commanders of Bashkirova were taken aback and ordered her to be sent back to the rear. However, they did not deprive Bashkirova of her medal, and even sent her a letter thanking her for her service.
Bashkirova will not give up easily. “This brave young woman did not go home, but once again impersonated Nikolai Popov to apply to become a volunteer for a new unit, where she was wounded in battle with the enemy and was hospitalized.” Zadushevnoe, 1915 Pismo newspaper about Bashkirova’s deeds.
After revealing her female identity and being sent home again, Bashkirova sent a request to the battlefield under her real name. This request was approved, and Bashkirova served in the 30th Siberian Infantry Regiment until October 1917.
After the First World War, Bashkirova focused on caring for orphans and established an orphanage in Poltava, Ukraine. In 1924, she married the bacteriologist Georgy Lopatin and changed her name to Kira Lopatina.
When the Nazis attacked the Soviet Union in the summer of 1941, Lopatina joined the army again. At that time, Lopatina was 43 years old and had two children, so she did not participate in aggressive battles as she did when she was young, but worked as a senior nurse at the Murmansk Military Hospital.
Lopatina takes care of the wounded soldiers and often receives the heaviest cases. Lopatina often assisted doctors in operations during German air raids.
She was awarded the Medal for Service in Combat and the Medal for the Defence of Zapoliya. Lopatina died in July 1987 at the age of 89 and was buried in the Vagankovskoe Cemetery in Moscow.
Ruan Jin (follow RBTH card)