After taking a photo, chances are you are still not satisfied with the composition of the photo. At this point, you need to perform a cropping operation to get the best composition. In this article, Thuthuatphanmem.vn will give some instructions for you to crop photos properly and professionally.
1. Use the 1/3 . Rule
The most common way to beautifully compose a photo is to follow the rule of thirds. Basically, you use a grid of lines to divide the image into 3 parts, both vertically and horizontally. At this point, you identify 4 points of intersection between the lines.
Place your subject on these points, as that’s where the viewer’s eye is most likely to notice. Usually, in portraits, photographers will prioritize placing the subject’s eyes at the intersection or sticking to the horizontal line above.
You may have noticed that the rule of thirds is used frequently in movies, TV series, and other artwork. The subject usually appears in the left or right third of the frame. In the example above, the object occupies the left side of the frame and the other side is opened.
2. Cut in closer
When you get close to your subject, you create a sense of drama or closeness. You can also use this technique to focus on a specific person or object you want to draw attention to. However, be aware of the quality of the photo. Always take photos in really high quality (4K or 5K), so you can crop more comfortably.
In addition, you should also prioritize cropping photos directly on the camera, instead of using photo editing software.
3. Pay attention to color, overall lighting
Getting closer is still a good practice, but you should know when to stop. In this example, the original image has been given a nice frame, creating a dramatic effect.
But if you cut too much, like in the 2nd picture, you will lose the contrast between the subject and the background. At the same time your subject will lose focus. Cropping a photo closer is very effective, but you should use it deliberately. You need to pay attention to lighting, color and overall composition.
4. Keep the resolution high
The more you crop, the more pixels you will lose, which means less image quality. So, as suggested above, you should take photos at high resolution to get a lot of redundant pixels for photo editing.
After cropping the image, you can resize it to suit the purpose you need.
5. Don’t cut the horizon
The sky may just be an empty space and nothing much, but it helps to make your photo look more expansive. Removing the horizon line from a landscape image often makes for a worse, cramped image.
Without a horizon, the image loses some sense of scale and perspective. You probably don’t want the sky to interfere too much in the photo, but try to balance it to keep it.
6. Use the scale available in the software
When cropping images in editing software, you can ensure accuracy and consistency by using built-in ratios. The software allows you to choose ratios like 16:9, 4:3 or 1:1.
These ratios are especially important if you are cropping a set of images or want to print your images. They also help you edit images for specific types of screens, such as widescreen TVs.
In Photoshop, you press to open the crop tool, then select the ratio in the section Ratio on the horizontal toolbar.
7. Try your own way
Sometimes, the rules are completely breakable. If you don’t want to follow the rule of thirds, why don’t you place the subject in the center of the frame? As long as you have a purpose for it, as long as you speak your message.
In the image below, the author wanted to focus on the pictures of the child limping, he broke the rule of thirds to do so.
Cropping photos is one of the effective operations to help you find the perfect composition for the photo. Hopefully with the tips above, you have become more confident in your “skills” of cropping photos. Good luck!