On our blue planet about 71% of the total surface area is water, but the amount of fresh water in rivers and lakes accounts for only a few percent. In this article, ThuThuatPhanMem.vn helps you find out which is the largest freshwater lake on Earth and the top 10 largest freshwater lakes.
1. The largest freshwater lake in the world
The title of the largest freshwater lake in the world belongs to Lake Baikal. Lake Baikal has about 22-23% of the total year-round unfrozen freshwater at its surface with depths of up to 1,642 m (5,387 ft).
Lake Baikal is located in eastern Siberia, Russia, is likened to the “pearl” of Russia because of its huge non-freezing freshwater reserves with about 20% of the world’s freshwater reserves. According to calculations, this amount of water is enough for the entire human race for 40 years.
There are many mysteries and stories about Lake Baikal. It can be mentioned that the age of the lake (between 25 and 30 million years) and if these figures are accurate, Lake Baikal will receive the title of the oldest freshwater lake in the world. There are many theories about the cause of the formation of Lake Baikal, that is, a meteorite crashed into the Earth and created this freshwater lake or the fairy tale about the guy Baikal and the girl Angara contributed to the strange freshwater lake. this strange.
However, Lake Baikal is only a freshwater lake has the largest freshwater reserve in the world but freshwater lake has the largest surface area in the world belongs to Upper Lake (Lake Superior) located in North America. Lake Superior accounts for about 10% of freshwater reserves, but has a surface area of 82,100 km² (compared to Lake Baikal’s 31,722 km²).
2. Top 10 largest freshwater lakes in the world
In this statistical table, the criteria for evaluating the largest freshwater lake in the world are based on surface area. Invite readers to follow along:
2.1. Upper Lake (Lake Superior)
Lake Superior, also known as Upper Lake, is located adjacent to the province of Ontario (Canada) and the US state of Minnesota to the north; with the two states of Wisconsin and Michigan to the south. This is one of the five great lakes in the famous Great Lakes group in North America.
With a surface area of more than 82,100 km², it is the largest freshwater lake by area, accounting for 10% of the world’s freshwater. Follow World AtlasLake Superior is about 563 km long, 257 km wide and reaches a maximum depth of 406 m.
2.2. Lake Victoria
With an area of 69,000 km² and a circumference of 3,440 km, Victoria is the largest freshwater lake in Africa and the second largest in the world. The lake is located on the border of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. The northern half belongs to Uganda, the southern half to Tanzania, and the northeastern part to Kenya.
Home to more than 80 beautiful islands, it is also home to millions of fishermen, providing a livelihood for most of the fishermen and businesses scattered on both sides of the lake.
2.3. Lake Huron
Lake Huron is one of the five great lakes of North America. Hydrologically, it includes the eastern part of Lake Michigan, which is joined by the Strait of Mackinac. It is shared to the north and east by the Canadian province of Ontario and to the south and west by the state of Michigan in the United States.
Huron is one of the five great lakes in North America. Located on the border between the United States and Canada, it has an area of 59,587 km² and is the second largest of the Great Lakes. Lake surface elevation 176 m. Maximum water depth 228 m.
2.4. Lake Michigan
With an area of up to 57,750 km², Michigan is also the largest freshwater lake in the United States, located entirely within the border of the United States and it is connected to Lake Huron via the Strait of Mackinac.
The average depth of the lake is 85m, the deepest place can be up to 281m, can hold water up to 4,918km³. Every year, the lake plays an important role in providing drinking water for about 12 million people in major port cities such as Milwaukee, Wisconsin and Chicago, Illinois.
2.5. Lake Tanganyika
Lake Tanganyika in Africa is the longest in the world, located on the territory of four countries Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania and Zambia. The lake stretches for 673 km in the North – South direction, and is about 32,900 km² wide.
Lake Tanganyika is one of the most biologically diverse lakes in the world with more than 2,000 creatures, of which up to 600 endemic species live in the lake.
2.6. Lake Baikal
With a water surface area of more than 31,700 km² (excluding islands), Lake Baikal ranks 6th on this list. Nestled in the wilderness of Siberia, Lake Baikal is vast, shaped like a giant crescent. This memorable feature makes it easy for people who are not good at geography to find it on a map of Russia.
Both Baikal and the coastal regions are distinguished by their rich flora and fauna, making these places truly unique, always appealing to scientists and a wide range of tourists and enthusiasts alike. looking for real adventure.
2.7. Great Bear Lake
The largest lake is entirely within Canada (Lake Superior and Lake Huron along both sides of the Canada-U.S. border are larger), it is the third largest lake in North America, and the eighth largest lake in the world. gender. Great Bear Lake is located in the Arctic Circle between latitude 65 and 67 of north latitude, and between longitude 118 and longitude 123 of west longitude. It is 186 m (610 ft) above sea level.
The lake has an area of 31,153 km² and has a total volume of 2,236 km³. Its maximum depth is 446 m. The lake’s shores are 2,719 km long and the basin total is 114,717 km².
2.8. Lake Malawi
Lake Malawi has a total area of about 29,600 km². The shorelines of the lake lie in western Mozambique, eastern Malawi and southern Tanzania. The largest part of Lake Malawi’s area belongs to Malawi; while about a quarter of the area belongs to Mozambique. This area includes the water surrounding the Malawi islets of Likoma and Chizumulu, the only two islands on the lake that are inhabited. The largest river flowing into this lake is the Ruhuhu River. This large freshwater lake has an outlet at its southern end by the Shire River, a tributary that flows into the very large Zambezi River in Mozambique.
Lake Malawi is an attractive place for international and local tourists because of its shores and islands in the lake. Malawians go to the lake during Christmas and other holidays to have fun.
2.9. Great Slave Lake
Great Slave Lake is the second largest lake in the Northwest Territories of Canada (after Great Bear Lake), the deepest lake in North America with a depth of 614 meters. The lake is about 469 km long and 203 km wide with an area of about 27,200 km². The amount of water in the lake ranges from 1,070 km³ to 1,580 km³ and even up to 2,088 km³.
The lake and the area surrounding the lake are the places where plant and animal species live, develop in abundance and diversity. Among them, there are creatures that only live in Great Slave Lake such as salmon, northern pike …
2.10. Lake Erie
Lake Erie is the 10th largest natural freshwater lake on this list. With a water surface area of about 25,700 km² and an average depth of 19 m, it holds 484 km³ of water. In addition to providing drinking and domestic water for the people in the vicinity, Lake Eric was also a source of commercial transactions through sea shipping and manufacturing.
With the knowledge shared in the article, it will bring you interesting insights about the largest freshwater lakes in the world. Have a nice day!