The installation of the CPU should be the easiest part of assembling a computer. This is also the first step, you can do it even without screws. I will show you how to install the CPU easily.
Technically speaking, the CPU is the brain of the computer. Without a CPU, your system will not start. Some of the functions of the CPU are to use its arithmetic logic unit to perform calculations, store instructions, and control computer operations. In addition, the CPU runs with the corresponding hardware of the computer.
Generally, the CPU breaks the process into phases of acquisition, decoding, and execution. In terms of architecture, there are different types of CPUs. The CPU has one core, the other two, the other four, and some six cores that are considered mainstream.
Before installing a new CPU, please make sure you have updated the BIOS and cleared the initial thermal paste.
Confirm the CPU socket type of the motherboard
In the personal computer market, Intel and AMD generally provide CPUs, and the interface types usually include PGA, BGA, and LGA.
The best way to check the CPU interface type is to check on the official website. It is important to note that you cannot use a CPU that is incompatible with the motherboard or BIOS. The computer will not start. Take my CPU as an example. I am using Intel Core i5-7500. I checked its interface information on the official website.
Its socket is FCLGA1151.
So I need to find a motherboard that can match LGA1151.
Regarding the interface matching between the motherboard and the CPU and how to maximize performance, we will explain in detail in other articles.
Open the CPU socket
After discovering the type of CPU to be used on the system, the next step is to open the CPU socket. The fixing arm on the motherboard should be raised. Then you need to open the socket cover. Please note that this exercise is for Intel CPU sockets, as they are the only sockets with a cover.
AMD CPU does not have a lid, so skip the step of opening the lid. The main reason why AMD sockets do not have covers is that they already have contact pins.
Align the CPU and motherboard sockets
AMD’s CPU has a small triangle logo, and Intel’s CPU has two small gaps in addition to the small triangle logo.
Align the corresponding direction on the motherboard (a 270-degree fan-shaped mark), gently put it down, and then gently push with your fingers to confirm the installation is in place. During the installation process, do not touch the pins of the CPU or motherboard with your fingers to avoid bending the pins.
If you accidentally bend the pin, you can repair it with tweezers. If the pin is damaged, please contact the manufacturer for repair. Please note that the processor should be inserted into the socket smoothly. If this does not happen, the pins may be bent or the CPU is not aligned.
Close the CPU button
After the buckle is installed back in the original direction, the black plastic protective cover will automatically fall off. Fix the small lever under the buckle, and the CPU installation is complete. For AMD CPUs, you must lower the fixing arm to lock the socket.
Apply silicone grease
Coat the metal cover on the back of the CPU with rice silicon grease, then vertically press down the cooling tower of the CPU, buckle the fixed switch, and tighten the screws. In this case, silicone grease is used as an insulator.
When the applied silicone grease is not enough and uneven, the CPU and the heat sink may not be in full contact. Silicone grease can effectively transfer heat to the radiator. It also fills the gap between the processor and the heat sink base.
Security measures for handling CPU
Some measures should be followed when handling the processor. These pins should not be touched with bare hands. This is because the human body is charged with static electricity, which may cause a short circuit. When installing the CPU, make sure you are not wearing wool-like clothes to avoid generating more static electricity.
If you plan to work on the motherboard, you should have some protection devices that help prevent short circuits. This will help if you unplug the computer before opening any case in the system.
Please note that if you use a faulty/frozen CPU, your motherboard will face significant risks. It may cause a slow short circuit on the motherboard. If you don’t know how to distinguish between a dead CPU and a normal CPU, please seek professional help. If the CPU socket is broken, in most cases, the entire motherboard must be replaced.
Therefore, it is very important to handle precision parts carefully. It is easy for novices to install the CPU. All you need are the correct steps. You can also view YouTube tutorials. Make sure to perform these steps as they are.