The United Nations Climate Conference COP26 ended with an agreement to maintain global temperature rise at 1.5°C to prevent climate disasters.
COP26 Chairman Alok Sharma finalized a signal on November 13 that none of the nearly 200 delegations opposed an agreement to keep global warming at 1.5°C.After 11 hours of intense negotiations, a final agreement was reached India with China It is required to use the phrase “total phase out of coal” in the COP26 statement.
Sharma announced that it has approved India’s proposal to change “abandonment of coal” to “reduction of coal use.” Several Pacific island nations, including Fiji, which is suffering from the consequences of rising sea levels, criticized the proposed last-minute changes. However, this is the first time that fossil fuels are explicitly mentioned in the UN climate agreement.
The COP26 statement also called for the elimination of inefficient fossil fuel subsidies and urged countries to raise their emission reduction targets to 2030 as early as next year to prevent global warming.
The negotiators agreed to reach an agreement to address the rules of the carbon-regulated trading market, which could pay trillions of dollars for projects that help curb climate change. This achieves Article 6 of the 2015 Paris Agreement, which allows countries to purchase excess emission allowances from other countries in order to achieve some of their climate targets.
“We call on all countries to unite at COP26 to protect the planet, and they responded,” British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said in a statement after COP26 reached an agreement.
The UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres welcomed the agreement at COP26, but warned that the world is still on the brink of disaster. Guterres said: “Our fragile planet is hanging by a thousand pounds,” he insists that the progress made by COP26 is not enough. “We are still on the threshold of climate disaster.”
The agreement to limit global warming to 1.5°C was the result of two weeks of negotiations at COP26 in Glasgow, Scotland. The meeting had to be extended for a day in order to negotiate requirements among fragile countries, industrial powers, and countries that rely heavily on fuel for economic development.
Ruan Jin (follow South China Morning Post)